Les événements clés de 2016 en Afrique

30 January-An African Union summit in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, elects Chadian President, Idriss Deby, as African Union Chairman. He replaced Zimbabwean President, Robert Mugabe.

7 April - The Central African Republic is readmitted to the African Union. The country was suspended for three years after the overthrow of President François Bozizé in March 2013.

30 May - Chadian ex-ruler, Hissene Habré, is convicted of crimes against humanity and sentenced to life imprisonment in Senegal. He was convicted him of rape, sexual slavery and killings during his rule from 1982 to 1990.

10 June - The European Union and six countries of the Southern African Development Community, SADC, sign an economic partnership agreement in Kasane, Botswana.

9 July - Violence breaks out in the South Sudanese capital, Juba, on the fifth independence anniversary. Troops involved were those loyal to President Salva Kiir and Vice President Riek Machar.

16 August - The African Union peacekeeping mission in Somalia jails nine Ugandan soldiers serving with it. They were accused of pursuing personal interest and endangering operational efficiency.

24 September - Ali Bongo Ondimba is declared re-elected as President of Gabon by the Constitutional Court. Opposition leader Jean Ping had contested the results of the August 2016 polls.

21 October - South Africa announces plans to leave the International Criminal Court, ICC. The country became the second African nation to take such a move after Burundi.

3 November - The UN reports that hundreds of migrants drowned while attempting to flee Libya to Europe. The 239 people perished in two separate incidents after smugglers used unworthy boats and rafts.

9 December - Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo wins Ghana’s presidential vote, beating President John Mahama. He contested and lost the same elections in 2008 and 2012.

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